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Kemetic Deities: The Netjeru
Kemetic Deities: The Netjeru
The netjeru, or pantheon of Kemetic deities, are those honored in Kemetic tradition, which was originally the North African religion of ancient Egypt (Kemet) and exists in contemporary forms as Kemetic Neo-Paganism, including Kemetic Reconstructionist and Kemetic Orthodox denominations.

The Kemetic pantheon consists of sixty or more deities -- many of whom began as local gods. The religion developed from primarily animistic and nature-centered worship in pre-dynastic times until, at its height, it become a theocracy, at the center of which stood pharaohs, or kings - rulers who embodied an earthly manifestation of divine power. Contemporary understandings of ancient Egyptian history recognize stages of both societal and religious growth and development stretching across three eras: the Old Kingdom (2686–2181 BCE), the Middle Kingdom (2055–1650 BCE), and the New Kingdom (1550–1069 BCE) with Intermediate and Late periods between and following. The New Kingdom was marked by pharaonic forces significantly increasing emphasis placed on Sun gods and intentionally de-emphasizing the worship of other deities.

A modern Kemetic altar
A modern Kemetic altar

It is notable that many of the Kemetic deities are represented by totemic animals, and their spiritual roles are based on the animals' characteristics and habits within the landscape of ancient Egypt. For instance, Anpu, popularly known by his Greek name Anubis, is represented by a jackal, and his role as an embalmer and psychopomp or conductor of the dead is mirrored the habits of the jackals who roamed throughout the graveyards of ancient Egypt. As Egyptian civilization urbanized, many of the netjeru took on more human forms, while still being recognized as animal spirits. Thus Anpu can be shown not only as a jackal, but a man with the head of a jackal, the latter often interpreted as a representation of a priest of Anpu wearing a jackal-headed mask.

Ancient Egyptian farming techniques, and thus the existence of Egyptian culture, depended upon the annual flooding of the Nile River, and thus water and agricultural deities, such as Osiris, also feature prominently among the Kemetic gods. As the reach of Egyptian civilization expanded in area, so also the pantheon grew, incorporating local tutelary gods and goddesses and elevating them to the status of netjeru in the process.

Petitioning the Netjeru

Contemporary hoodoo psychic readers, spirit workers, and root doctors who work with the netjeru in the Neo-Pagan paths of Kemetic revivalism call upon or enlist specific netjeru to help carry out their spells, according to the life-conditions with which the deities were associated in the days of ancient Egypt.

Popular Netjeru (Kemetic Deities)


Amun is the king of the gods and a deity of creation (Read More...)


Anubis, also known as Anpu, is an underworld deity associated with guiding the dead and weighing their hearts (Read More...)


Bast, also known as Bastet, is the cat or cat-headed goddess of protection, pleasure, sexuality, and fertility (Read More...)


Hathor is the cow goddess of the Milky Way, also known as "The Lady of the Stars," who helps in matters of motherhood, love, and beauty (Read More ...)


Horus, also known as Heru, is a hawk-headed god, who is the ruler of Egypt and slayer of Set (Read More ...)


Isis, also known as Aset, is the goddess of mothers, magic, and fertility and the mother of Horus (Read More ...)


Maat, often represented by a feather, is the goddess of truth (Read More...)


Osiris, also known as Wesir, is the deity of the underworld though originally a fertility a deity (Read More...)


Ptah is the creator of the Netjeru pantheon (Read More ...)


Ra is the creator deity and god of the sun (Read More ...)


Sekhmet is the lion-headed goddess of protection and vengeance of the gods (Read More ...)


Set is the deity of the chaos, desert sandstorms, thunderstorms, and the slayer of Apep (Read More ...)


Tehuti, the ibis-god also known as Thoth, is the deity of writing, magic, and record-keeping (Read More ...)

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