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Amun

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Amun
Amun
Amun also known as Amon is a creator deity who is at times associated with Ra who he merges with as Amun-Ra. Originally, Amun was a local deity worshiped as the tutelary deity of Thebes. With the rise of the New Kingdom and the defeat of the Hyksos invaders, Amun grew to the level of national deity and the self-created king of the Egyptian pantheon. As Amun-Ra he was the deity of the empire as a whole and was carried outside of Egypt where he was associated with other sky-gods and creator deities, like Zeus. Amun-Ra's worship continued throughout Egypt and he became the popular manifestation of him while as Amun he remained a relatively local deity. The spread and popularity of Amun-Ra has made it so that Amun is almost always associated with Ra.

Amun is a self-created deity who gave birth to himself and then created the world. In some accounts he creates the world out of his spittle. He is also connected with the wind and his name means "hidden." Amun is unique among the gods as he eventually took on the role of not just the king of the pantheon but became so central that the other deities were believed to be aspects and manifestations of him. To a certain extent, this particular view of Amun is panentheistic, with Amun being all and the other gods being manifestations of him. This growing power of Amun is also reflected in his priests who exerted a great deal of influence on politics and the ruler. During the rein of Akhenaten who promulgated the worship of Aten, Amun was eclipsed, but returned with a vengeance afterwards raising to new heights of power through the influence of Akhenaten's successor Tutankhamun who even adoped "Amun" into his name.

In addition to being a national and imperial deity with a public cult, Amun was deeply involved in the personal piety of Egyptians. He was called upon in private acts of worship and supplication.

Devotees call upon Amun for matters of spiritual cleansing, healing, and spiritual development.

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