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Horus

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Horus
Horus

Horus also known as Heru is the falcon-headed deity of Egypt who was one of the first national deities who is the god of sky, pharaoh, and and war. He was worshiped from Predynastic times and into the Greco-Roman era. He is seen in relationship to his mother, Isis, and his father, Osiris. He became associated with Lower Egypt as the first national deity who was associated to the living pharaoh whereas Osiris was associated with the dead pharaoh. The connection between pharaoh, Horus, and Osiris is found in the Pyramid Text in 25th century BC. This association with Horus took over and replaced the concept of the Pharaoh as son of Ra.

Horus is the son of Isis and Osiris. Osiris was dismembered by his brother Set. Isis then gathered up his parts and with the aid of Anubis put Osiris back together, thus giving birth to the first mummy. She breathed life back into Osiris and conceived Horus. In other incarnations, he is the son of Hathor. Horus, as ruler of Lower Egypt, went on to avenge his father by doing battle with Set, ruler of Upper Egypt. During the battle, Horus lost his eye. The eye of Horus, like the eye of Ra, became a powerful symbol often used in talisman-creation. At the end of the battle, the gods sided with Horus. In history this is seen in the rise of Horus and the marginalizing Set

Horus is a sky-god whose eyes are seen as sun and moon, giving him a relationship with Ra and Khonsu. In later depictions he is merged with Ra as Ra-Horakhty. He is also the god of hunt and war. The majesty of the pharaoh in hunt is especially associated with Horus.

Horus is called upon by his devotees, especially through the eye of Horus, for protective talismans, for victory, and power.

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