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Category:The Holy Trinity

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The Holy Trinity: God the Father (Jehovah), God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Ghost (Holy Spirit)
The Holy Trinity: God the Father (Jehovah), God the Son (Jesus Christ), and God the Holy Ghost (Holy Spirit)

The Holy Trinity is a Christian conception of the triplicity of the Godhead, referred to as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, or as the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. The three persons are distinct yet coexist in unity, and are said to be "co-equal, co-eternal, and consubstantial," or "three persons of one being."

Within the Holy Trinity, the Father is Jehovah God of the Jews; the Son is Jesus Christ, the Messiah or Redeeming Saviour; and the Holy Ghost is the Shekinah of the Jews, symbolized in Christianity as a snow white Dove or as Light.

The concept of The Holy Trinity was proposed by Tertullian, a Christian theologian who wrote in the early 3rd century, and it was adopted as theological doctrine by the Catholic Church at the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD and is also found among most Orthodox and many Protestant denominations. Although the word "Trinity" does not appear in the New Testament, the three persons later recognized as the Holy Trinity are mentioned. For instance, in Matthew 28:20, it is said, "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit," and in Second Corinthians 13:13, Paul the Apostle's blessing is that, "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all."

Prayers made to the Holy Trinity generally conclude with phrases such as, "In the name of the Father, the Son and Holy Ghost," or "In the Three Most Holy Names, Amen." Some old folk-magical grimoires in the European tradition employ the specific typographical short-hand of three plus-signs -- "+ + +" -- to indicate that the practitioner is to recite these holy names as the closing words to the prayer while drawing the sign of the cross three times in the air.

The Holy Trinity, as depicted by the German artist Fridolin Lieber (1853-1912); Jesus is at the left, Jehovah at center, and the Holy Ghost at right
The Holy Trinity, as depicted by the German artist Fridolin Lieber (1853-1912); Jesus is at the left, Jehovah at center, and the Holy Ghost at right

JHVH, Yahweh, Jehovah, God the Father

God the Father is the omniscient God worshipped in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In mainstream trinitarian Christian belief he is the first person of the Trinity. (Read More ...)

Jesus Christ, God the Son

Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Jesus Christ, is believed by most Christians to be the Son of God. (Read More ... )

The Holy Spirit, God the Holy Ghost

The Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost) is the Spirit of God. In mainstream trinitarian Christian belief, this spirit is the third person of the Holy Trinity. (Read More ...)

Non-Trinitarian Christian Beliefs

Not all Christian denominations or congregations endorse the trinitarian belief. Many are quick to note that there is not one place in the Bible where the "trinity" of the Godhead is mentioned.

Those who are not trinitarians because they believe in the unity or indivisibility of the godhead are sometimes called unitarians, although the term "Unitarian" (with a capital "U") also refers to a specific non-trinitarian Protestant denomination, known as the Unitarian or Unitarian-Universalist Church.

To some non-trinitarian Christians, Jehovah is the only Godhead. These adherents generally state a belief that the Holy Spirit is Jehovah's breath or spirit, and that Jesus is merely His son. They may base their theology upon the Jewish Shema Yisrael prayer found in Deuteronomy 6:4: "Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God, the Lord is one."

Other non-trinitarian Protestants believe that trinitarian theology was imposed on Christians by church leaders who did not have Biblical authority to do so. These Protestants sometimes refer to the concept of the Holy Trinity as "a Catholic error," or even a "Pagan and pantheistic" belief.

Judeo-Christian Spiritualists may or may not express adherence to a doctrine of belief in the Holy Trinity, according to the precepts of their own denominations.

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